Pavia is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy in northern Italy, 35 kilometres (22 miles) south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po. It has a population of c. 73,000. The University of Pavia (founded in 1361), together with the IUSS (Institute for Advanced Studies of Pavia), belongs to the Pavia Study System. The city has many artistic and cultural treasures, including several important churches and museums, such as the well-known Certosa di Pavia.
In Pavia, as well as in all the west part of the“Pianura Padana Region”, we have been are facing an air pollution crisis, related to the peculiar geographical nature and the industrial context of the Region. Pavia is part of the Lombardia region, the most developed region in Italy in terms of industrial and commercial activities and also the one with the largest population. In 2017 Pavia had more than 100 days with PM10 concentrations higher than 100 μg/m3, twice the limits. For this reason, traffic limitations are often in place, in particular in the winter time, and plans for sustainable mobility are under study by the municipality. The combination of ageing population (another major issue in Italy, which is one of the EU countries with the lowest birth rate) and critical environmental conditions is forcing health care authorities to put in place specific interventions for chronic care, with special focus on respiratory diseases, healthy lifestyle and Diabetes prevention.
Pavia pilot involves the entire city installing 42 air quality sensors for air quality (PM1, PM2.5, PM10). 10 of them are installed in balconies of private citizens (PULSE volunteers) and 32 in balconies and windows belonging to schools, City buildings and University buildings. Such sensors monitor air quality in nearly real-time. After a first period of test of an App designed to visualize air quality sensors data, in which 116 volunteers will be involved, the App will be released to all citizens.
Pavia’s Air Quality data